At the end of 1938, London stockbroker Nicolas Winton arrived in Prague. Prague and its’ surrounding areas were filled with refugees from the occupied border area of Czechoslovakia, from Germany and Austria. Nicolas Winton decided that he would at least try to help the children.
After „Kristalnacht“ in November 1938, Great Britain allowed a certain number of Jewish children from Germany and Austria to emigrate to England. In December, Nicolas Winton succeeded in getting 20 Czech children to Sweden. He also got permission from Great Britain to bring children, but under very strict conditions. First, he had to find the families that would be willing to look after the children, who were up to the age of 18.
Many parents decided to send their children to England although it was a hard and painful decision. Six hundred and sixty-nine children in eight train transports succeeded in getting to England. Further relief work was interrupted by the war.